In some parts of Bangladesh, most affected by flood and where water remains for a prolonged period of time, farmers are using their submerged lands for crop production by adopting scientific methods
which are similar to hydroponic agriculture practices, i.e. floating agriculture, whereby plants can be grown on the water in a bio-land or floating bed of water hyacinth, algae or other plant residues.
This practice has traditional roots in practices dating back to the country’s for bearers. According to their needs, people in different parts of Bangladesh have adopted, modified and named this practice
differently (baira, boor, dhap, gathua, gatoni, geto, kandi and vasoman chash and floating agriculture).
Actually, floating agriculture practice is most successful in the coastal areas that are adjacent to the sea-bank areas,
which remain submerged for long periods, especially in the monsoon season, as well as the wetland
Haor Areas. Floating agriculture are age-old practice of crop cultivation in the Southern floodplains of Bangladesh (Barisal, Goplaganj and Pirojpur districts). Floating agriculture practices (locally known as Dhap) for growing vegetables and spices prevail in the wetlands of the south central coastal districts of Bangladesh since immemorial times. With the use of available water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and other aquatic weeds, local communities have developed a technique to construct reasonably-sized floating platforms or raft on which vegetables and other crops can be cultivated.
The unique hydroponics production system was developed in the hands of the locals by using their traditional knowledge for agricultural practice and livelihood. The production system is the major
livelihood option for about 60-90% of the locals. Bio-diverse vegetables and spices crops are grown sustainably over the years on floating substrata made mainly of water hyacinth and other minor
aquatic weeds on flooded water. The land with the water is used for production of fish in the open water and crops on the floating beds. Thus, ensures a sustainable utilization of agro biodiversity, natural resources and multiple use of the land. This traditional cultivation technique is, therefore an environmental-friendly means to utilize the natural resources of wetlands to grow vegetables and