In some parts of Bangladesh, most affected by flood and where water remains for a prolonged period of time, farmers are using their submerged lands for crop production by adopting scientific methods
which are similar to hydroponic agriculture practices, i.e. floating agriculture, whereby plants can be grown on the water in a bio-land or floating bed of water hyacinth, algae or other plant residues.
This practice has traditional roots in practices dating back to the country’s for bearers. According to their needs, people in different parts of Bangladesh have adopted, modified and named this practice
differently (baira, boor, dhap, gathua, gatoni, geto, kandi and vasoman chash and floating agriculture).
Actually, floating agriculture practice is most successful in the coastal areas that are adjacent to the sea-bank areas,
which remain submerged for long periods, especially in the monsoon season, as well as the wetland